The Scheme was first introduced in the country on 02.02.2006 and was fully implemented all over the rural areas in the country by 01.04.2008.

In Kerala, the Scheme was implemented in three phases. The Scheme was implemented in the Phase I districts, Wayanad & Palakkad on 02.02.2006 & Phase II districts, Kasargod and Idukki on 01.04.2007. It was extended to the remaining districts on 01.04.2008.

As a scheme that primarily focuses on providing employment and asset generation, with special thrust to Natural Resource Management, Mahatma Gandhi NREGS has been playing a major role in the reconstruction of the infrastructure as well as economy. The Scheme has created a positive impact by providing 100 days of unskilled employment to every willing rural household with primary focus on the upliftment of vulnerable households. It also enriches the life of rural households by providing wage employment, creating assets and also as an avenue for skill development.

The Scheme has been instrumental in restoring some of the infrastructure, asset and livelihood opportunities damaged by two consecutive floods. All the available resources were pooled and utilized in a most effective manner to combat this situation, with special focus on convergence with other departmental schemes that focus on similar sectors through meticulous planning and earnest implementation. During COVID days, many educated youths have shown interest in unskilled work under the scheme.

Kerala has the highest percentage of women participation under the Scheme. Participation of Kudumbashree, has greatly assisted the growth of the Scheme in the State. Income generated through wages received under the Scheme has resulted in purchasing power and bargaining capacity of rural women. The scheme has also enabled them to obtain bank linkage and increased their borrowing capacity.