Capacity Building / IEC
Mahatma Gandhi NREGA with its rights-based framework and focus on creation of ‘durable assets’, has the potential to address the challenges of rural unemployment, food security and regenerate the village economy. To realize these goals there need to be human capacities. The capabilities of these human capacities need to be developed so that they can undertake the responsibility mandated to them. Human capacities and capabilities further need to be backed by proper supporting institutions, which act as decision support systems, assisting in concurrent monitoring of outcomes and better management of the schemes initiated under MGNREGA. Capacity building is taken up as a dynamic process of developing, strengthening and institutionalizing the ‘rules of game’, norms, standard operating procedures, skills, abilities, and resources that organizations, communities and individuals need to survive, adapt, and thrive in the fast-changing world of policy implementation. Capacity building, broadly speaking, has two major aspects; for organizations, it relates to whole gamut of governance, administration (including human resources, financial management, and legal matters), business processes, program development, evaluation, and policy changes for innovation. For individuals, capacity building refers to excellence in individual performance, leadership development, socializing managerial values, technical skills, training opportunities, organizing abilities, and other areas of personal and professional development that includes sensitivity to values of equity, participation and inclusion. Individual empowerment eventually needs to result in the ‘communitization of capacities’ especially marginalized and socially excluded groups in the society. Capacity building and IEC activities are taken up each year to address the capabilities of all the staff in different hierarchies of governance, and to welcome rural poor who are in need of livelihood upliftment.